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Title: Role of Obesity on the Prognosis of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Adults.
Authors: Hwang, Juen-Haur
Keywords: Adolescent;Adult;Aged;Aged, 80 and over;Cohort Studies;Female;Hearing Loss, Sensorineural;Humans;Logistic Models;Male;Middle Aged;Obesity;Prognosis;Retrospective Studies;complications;physiopathology
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of obesity/overweight on the prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient department of a community hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We collected 254 adult patients with SSHL from a community hospital. The odd ratios of body mass index (BMI) or obesity/overweight (BMI >/=25 kg/m(2)) on the recovery of SSHL were evaluated with multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 120 (47.2%) patients in the nonobesity group (BMI <25 kg/m(2)) and 134 (52.8%) patients in the obesity/overweight group (BMI >/=25 kg/m(2)). The complete and partial recovery rates were 10.0% and 49.2% in the nonobesity group and 9.7% and 47.0% in the obesity/overweight group, respectively. Univariate logistic regression showed that BMI had no significant association with recovery of SSHL (odds ratio [OR] of complete and partial recovery versus no recovery = 1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.965-1.113, P = .327). Multivariate logistic regression analysis also showed that BMI (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.964-1.131, P = .292) was not significantly associated with the recovery of SSHL for all subjects, after adjusting for all considered variables. Also, obesity/overweight (BMI >/=25 kg/m(2)) had no significant association with the recovery of SSHL. CONCLUSION: Obesity/overweight would appear to have no significant effect on the prognosis of SSHL.
ISSN: 0194-5998
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