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Title: A Modern Cohort of Duodenal Obstruction Patients: Predictors of Delayed Transition to Full Enteral Nutrition
Authors: Bairdain, Sigrid;Yu, David C.;Lien, Chueh;Khan, Faraz Ali;Pathak, Bhavana;Grabowski, Matthew J.;Zurakowski, David;Linden, Bradley C.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Description: Background:. A common site for neonatal intestinal obstruction is the duodenum. Delayed establishment of enteral nutritional autonomy continues to challenge surgeons and, since early institution of nutritional support is critical in postoperative newborns, identification of patients likely to require alternative nutritional support may improve their outcomes. Therefore, we aimed to investigate risk factors leading to delayed establishment of full enteral nutrition in these patients. Methods:. 87 patients who were surgically treated for intrinsic duodenal obstructions from 1998 to 2012 were reviewed. Variables were tested as potential risk factors. Median time to full enteral nutrition was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Independent risk factors of delayed transition were identified using the multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results:. Median time to transition to full enteral nutrition was 12 days (interquartile range: 9–17 days). Multivariate Cox analysis identified three significant risk factors for delayed enteral nutrition: gestational age (GA) ≤ 35 weeks (P < .001), congenital heart disease (CHD) (P = .02), and malrotation (P = .03). Conclusions:. CHD and Prematurity are most commonly associated with delayed transition to full enteral nutrition. Thus, in these patients, supportive nutrition should strongly be considered pending enteral nutritional autonomy.
Other Identifiers: Bairdain, Sigrid, David C. Yu, Chueh Lien, Faraz Ali Khan, Bhavana Pathak, Matthew J. Grabowski, David Zurakowski, and Bradley C. Linden. 2014. “A Modern Cohort of Duodenal Obstruction Patients: Predictors of Delayed Transition to Full Enteral Nutrition.” Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 2014 (1): 850820. doi:10.1155/2014/850820.
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